By Dr. Rita Khanna
The Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra is a life-giving Mantra. This Mantra wards off deaths by snake-bites, lightening and accidents of all descriptions such as motor-accidents, fire-accidents, cycle-accidents, water-accidents, air-accidents. Besides, it has a great curative effect when chanted with sincerity, faith and devotion by anybody or in any place where you wish to create a positive, protective and high energy environment. This Mantra is also chanted during auspicious occasions such as initiation ceremonies, birthdays and Havans that will bestow on you health, long life, peace, prosperity and Moksha.
MEANING OF MAHA MRITYUNJAYA MANTRA
The Sanskrit word Maha means ‘great’, Mrityu means ‘death’ and Jaya means ‘victory’. Mantra is a word of great power that can give protection against negative forces and even change one’s destiny. The Mahamrityunjaya Mantra consists of 34 Aksharas (literally ‘imperishable’) or eternal sounds, and is as follows:
MAHA MRITYUNJAYA MANTRA
Om Trayambakam Yajaamahe
The literal meaning of the Mantra is as follows: “We worship the three-eyed one (Lord Shiva) who is fragrant (in a state of supreme bliss), and who sustains all living beings. May He liberate us from the eternal cycle of birth and death. May He lead us to immortality, just as the cucumber is released from its bondage (the vine to which it is attached).”
BENEFITS OF CHANTING THE MAHA MRITYUNJAYA MANTRA
• The Mahamrityunjaya Mantra is Lord Siva’s Mantra. It bestows long life (Deergha Ayush), peace (Shanti), wealth (Aishwarya), prosperity (Pushti), satisfaction (Tushti) and immortality (Moksha). It is a potent combination of sounds that, if repeated with faith, dedication and perseverance over a period of time, leads not only to victory over the fear of death, but eventually to victory over death itself or Moksha (liberation). It is, therefore, also known as ‘Moksha Mantra’.
• It is stimulating and heating (unlike the Gayatri Mantra, which is soothing and cooling). It bestows longevity, and is designed to cure illness.
• It wards off evil or negative forces by creating a protective psychic shield around the practitioner. It destroys sorrow and poverty, and fulfills all of one’s desires.
• Anyone who wishes to remove obstacles in life and overcome difficult situations or illness, should repeat this Mantra regularly. If chanted a minimum of eleven times, last thing at night, it will ensure a better sleep and more positive dreams.
BACKGROUND TO MAHA MRITYUNJAYA MANTRA
The Mahamrityunjaya Mantra is from the Krishna Yajur Veda. Mrityunjaya is another name for Lord Shiva, the great Yogi who is actually said to have existed and to have conquered death. Shiva is also the Prateek or symbol of consciousness and has three aspects: Shanta roopa or ‘peaceful form’, Raudra Roopa or ‘fierce form’, and Dhyaanastha Roopa or ‘form engrossed in Meditation’. The devata of the Mahamrityunjaya Mantra is Rudra or Raudra, who represents Lord Shiva in his fierce and destructive aspect.
This Mantra was revealed to the great Rishi Vashishtha (who is said to have been born from a pitcher) while he was in a state of deep Meditation. It is to be found in Shree Rudra Prashnaha from the fifth chapter of the Taittiriya Upanishad, which belongs to the Yajur Veda. It is also mentioned in many places in the Rig, Yajur and Sama Vedas. The Mantra itself is actually comprised from Mantras which are found in the three Vedas: The Rig Veda (7th Mandal, 59th chapter, 12th Mantra), the Yajur Veda (3rd chapter, 60th Mantra), and the Atharva Veda (14th Mandal, 1st chapter, 17th Mantra).
The Mahamrityunjaya Mantra is also to be found in the Ayurvedic scriptures. In the Prakriti Khanda of the Brahma Vaivarta Purana, it has been said that Lord Shri Krishna gave the knowledge of Mrityunjaya to the wife of Sage Angira. In the Sati Khand of the Shiva Purana, Shukracharya (guru of the demons) himself has called it Mrita Sanjeevani Vidya (the knowledge which leads to eternal life). Shukracharya expounded it to Sage Dadhichi.
HOW TO CHANT MAHA MRITYUNJAYA MANTRA
The Mantra can be chanted alone, individually. It can also be chanted in small groups sitting in a circle. However, it is most powerful when chanted in large groups sitting in even, orderly rows. It is most beneficial when performed on an empty or at least half-empty stomach. A Mala (rosary) of 108 beads can be held in the right hand, just level with the heart, in the centre of the chest (the kshetram or trigger point for Anahata Chakra, the heart centre). It is best to use your Japa Mala, however, any other Mala of your choice can also be used. The Mantra is chanted 108 times in a constant fixed rhythm.
One person should lead the chanting by repeating the Mantra once (or even twice to set the speed and Swara), then the others may join in for the remaining 107 (or six) japas. In this way the group will be able to chant together in chorus as one voice, and the effect and build-up of energy will thus be greater. The person guiding the chanting should make sure the speed is kept constant.
Pronunciation: The pronunciation should be correct for the Mantra to be really effective. Many people chant ‘Bandhanaat’ instead of ‘Bandhanaan’. ‘Bandhanaan’ is the more perfect pronunciation.
Breath: The Mahamrityunjaya Mantra is usually chanted in two parts, with a breath in between for ease of chanting and beauty of flow. This breath is taken at the end of the first line, after ‘Pushthivardhanam’. Of course, there is nothing to prevent the practitioner chanting it in one breath if he so wishes, but this will not be possible for everyone. The Mantra can also be divided into four and used during the practice of simple Nadi Shodhana Pranayama (psychic network purification). The process is as follows:
Breathing in through the left nostril, repeat mentally, “Om Tryambakam Yajaamahe”; breathing out through the left nostril repeat mentally, “Sugandhim Pushthivardhanam”; breathing in through the right nostril repeat mentally, “Urvaarukamiva Bandhanaan”; breathing out through the left nostril repeat mentally “Mrityormuksheeya Maamritaat”.
Speed and sound: When chanted dynamically, at a fast speed, the Mahamrityunjaya Mantra generates a very powerful energy, and is at its most effective potency. One remains alert, stimulated and energized. It can also be chanted slowly in a relaxed way, but the energy tends to drop and drag if it is done too slowly. Also, people tend to become too introverted and even sleep or lose interest. The body also begins to complain because it has to sit for too long. A medium speed is most comfortable for the majority of people, and provides a nice balance (the middle path being the Yogic way). However, whichever speed you decide to adopt, remember that it should be constant from beginning to end, creating a synchronized and melodious sound, to uplift the mind and spirit.
All those taking part in the chanting should blend their voices together, so the overall effect is like the gentle and soothing hum of bees. No voice should predominate, except of course the voice of the person who is guiding the chanting. Everyone should try to remain aware throughout the chanting of the speed and the Swara (notes), and harmonize their chanting with the voices of those around them. There is a tendency, as the chanting progresses, for people to become introverted (or tired) and for the chanting to slow down. Just one person in a large group, who has a loud or discordant voice, can bring down the energy level of the whole group and disturb the harmony. The leader is there to see that this does not happen. So, a very important element in the chanting is awaren