In yoga, the combination of physical activity and calm breathing exercises facilitates a mind-body connection as practitioners hold poses and concentrate on breathing through to various parts of the body. Each pose is an opportunity to challenge the body while gaining control over emotions and stressors through calm, unhurried breathing techniques.
Although some schools of Yoga in the west emphasize the physical practice, many forms of Yoga exercise the mind as well as the body. Meditation is a concentrated effort for slowing the mind and body down, by practicing mantra, japa, mindfulness or deep breathing to center one's ability to focus, while blocking out audio or visual input. Much like abdominal breathing, meditation has a relaxing effect on a person's mind and body.
Some of the many conditions Yoga therapy has relieved are: Depression, insomnia, breathing difficulties, carpal tunnel syndrome, fibromyalgia, mourning, sciatica and muscle tension, autoimmune illnesses, nervousness, perfectionism, and many other ailments.